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Link between bone mineral density and myocardial infarction

Two common health concerns seem to have an association with each other and that is bone mineral density and the risk for myocardial infarction. This interesting study was conducted in Sweden and the participants were 6,872 men and women (Wiklund P, et al. 2011). Bone mineral density was measured for the total hip and also for the femoral neck, which is a common area of fractures. The average follow up time was 5.7 years.


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Losing weight can help sleep apnea

Sleep apnea causes abnormal pauses in breathing or abnormal low breathing during sleep. Some of the symptoms are snoring, fatigue during the day, impaired reaction time and decreased short term memory.

Sleep apnea is more common in individuals who are overweight.


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Red meat and the risk of stroke

Both red and processed meat has been implicated to increase the risk of several diseases. The two studies reviewed here specifically focused on the consumption of red and processed meat and the risk of stroke.

One of the investigations followed 40, 291 men aged 45-79 years for the average of 10.1 years (Larsson SC, et al. 2011). The conclusion from the research was that processed meat consumption is positively associated with the risk of stroke.


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The way you cook your fish is important

A lot of research has been published on the benefits of fish and omega 3 fatty acids.

The study referenced here is interesting because it compared the intake of fish, how it was prepared and how it related to the risk of heart failure (Belin RJ, et al. 2011).

84,493 women aged 50-79 were included in the investigation. Fish consumption were recorded according to frequency and if it was baked/broiled or fried.


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If your weight goes up you may need more vitamin D

Low vitamin D levels are commonly found with obesity. The first study reviewed here investigated the effect of weight loss through diet and exercise on serum levels of vitamin D (Mason, et al. 2011). Vitamin D concentration was measured at the start of the study and 12 months later.

The results showed that greater weight loss was associated with increased vitamin D. As weight loss increased vitamin D levels increased.


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Pesticides increase the risk for insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes

Insulin resistance is a gradual process and if not addressed it can lead to type 2 diabetes. The cells in insulin resistant tissue are less responsive to insulin, causing the pancreas to compensate by producing more insulin in an attempt to transfer the blood glucose into the cells where it can be used for energy. There are several factors that can contribute to insulin resistance and it is interesting that pesticides seem to be one of these factors.

The first study reviewed here followed research participants for 20 years and examined if a low dose of pesticides predicted future adiposity, dyslipidemia (elevated cholesterol, triglycerides) and insulin resistance (Lee DH, et al. 2011). 8 organochlorine pesticides, 22 polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and 1 polybrominated biphenyl were measured.


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Fitness good predictor for long term risk of heart attack

The conventional way to evaluate the risk for cardiovascular disease is by examining levels of cholesterol, HDL, LDL and triglycerides. Also included when assessing the risk for cardiovascular disease are information such as blood pressure, diabetes and smoking.

All this information is valid, but it turns out that testing the fitness level can improve the predictability of cardiovascular risk.

The study reviewed here included more than 66,000 participants without cardiovascular disease ages 20 to 90 (Gupta S, et al. 2011). These individuals were followed until death or the end of the study period, which lasted up to 36 years.


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Lower stress and amount of sleep affects weight loss.

Research has shown that sleeping 7-8 hours per night can make it easier to lose weight.

What makes the study reviewed here interesting is that stress in addition to sleep can have an impact on weight loss (Elder CR, et al. 2011). The participants in this research were obese individuals with a body mass index of 30-50 and the intervention consisted of 22 group session over 26 weeks.

The results documented that sleep time and lower stress at the entry of the study predicted success in weight loss. The participants with lower stress predicted greater weight loss.


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More research on the benefits of omega 3 fat

Omega 3 fatty acids have been found to provide multiple health benefits according to numerous studies.

Sometimes researchers use food-frequency questionnaires to assess data. The data based on such information may not always be reliable.

The study reviewed here was instead based on data from measurements of the omega 3 fatty acids eicosapentaenoic acid [...]

Overweight and risk of dementia

The reviewed research evaluated the association of midlife overweight and dementia, Alzheimer disease and vascular dementia (Xu WL, et al. 2011).

This study was especially interesting because the study participants were 8,534 twin individuals with an average age of 74.4 years.

Height and weight of the participants were available at midlife (mean age 43.4) [...]

New research on vitamin D

Numerous studies in the last few years have documented a variety of health benefits provided by vitamin D.

While sun exposure is a good source of vitamin D many people today use sunscreen most of the time when they are outside. Vitamin D deficiency has been found to be fairly common even in warmer [...]

What can you expect from effective probiotics?

Probiotics have been in the news a lot lately. There are numerous brands on the market and also many different strains of bacterias promoted as being healthy and producing benefits for the gastrointestinal tract.

Most of these friendly bacterias are temperature sensitive and need to be refrigerated to keep their potency. Unless the type of bacterias included in the product have been documented to survive the acidity of the stomach they may not even get to the intestines alive providing little benefits.


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Want to improve your cholesterol and glucose levels?

Cholesterol lowering drugs are big business, but most people could lower both their cholesterol and blood glucose levels by changing the way they eat.

The food we eat regularly will have a big impact on your biochemistry. By watching all the ads on TV you would not believe that, but rather think that it [...]

Be happy, live longer

We all prefer to be happy, but we may not realize how much of an impact happiness may have on us.

There have been numerous studies the last few years on happiness and how it affects our health.

The research reviewed here looked at many studies that evaluated subjective well-being such as life satisfaction, [...]

Protect your DNA

 If we can protect our DNA we may be able to slow down aging. Slowing down the aging process appeals to most people, but the question is if it is possible with the resources we have now.

The research reviewed investigated if that was possible by implementing a couple of readily available resources (Gutierrez-Mariscal FM, et al. 2011).


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Suprising benefit of omega 3 fatty acids

Loss of muscle mass as we get older is a common problem for many.

Omega 3 fatty acids have been found to stimulate protein anabolism (construction of protein) in animals, but it has not been known if omega 3 fatty acids are able to do the same in humans.


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New research on Resveratrol

Resveratrol got a lot of attention some years ago when research showed amazing benefits in mice.

Resveratrol is still a substance receiving a lot of attention from the research community. Two interesting and recent studies on resveratrol are reviewed here.

Both studies were conducted on human.


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Green tea may help prevent influenza infection

Research has shown that green tea provides many health benefits.

The research reviewed here was interesting because it investigated if capsules containing green tea catechins and theanine could prevent influenza infection (Matsumoto K, et al. 2011).

The participants were healthcare workers and the study was conducted over a period of 5 months.


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Surprise health risk of diet soda.

Usually the research reviewed here is published in national or international medical journals. The research reviewed this time was however presented at a recent international stroke conference (Anwar Z, et al. 2011). The study was both interesting and surprising and for that reason you should know about it.

The researchers investigated the association between drinking soda, both diet soda and regular soda and the risk of strokes in 3, 298 participants. The average follow up was 9.3 years during which 559 vascular events occurred.


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